Today’s NY Times carries a fascinating tale about Marc van Roosmalen, a primatologist credited with discovering five species of monkeys and a new primate genus, who provides been sentenced to 16 years in a Brazilian jail nearly. Researchers are rallying to his protection, and 287 of them have signed a petition protesting his sentencing and saying it is indicative of the craze of authorities repression in Brazil. The federal government is going overboard in its attempts to prevent biopiracy and apparently, some say, making a good example out of van Roosmalen. This is all well and great. But this content is actually a rehash of one that appeared in Nature three weeks ago.Phagocytophilum is definitely transmitted in the United States by the ticks Ixodes scapularis and I. Pacificus.3 Ehrlichiosis is a clinically important, emerging zoonosis. E. Chaffeensis, A. Phagocytophilum, and E. Ewingii were first recognized as human pathogens in 1991,4 1994,5 and 1999,6 respectively. Since then, E. E and canis. Muris have already been implicated as factors behind human disease in Russia and Venezuela, respectively.7,8 However, only E. Chaffeensis and E. Ewingii have been considered to trigger ehrlichiosis in humans in the usa. Methods Patients EDTA-anticoagulated samples of entire blood obtained from individuals throughout the United States with suspected ehrlichiosis or anaplasmosis were submitted for polymerase-chain-reaction diagnostic testing for ehrlichia and anaplasma at the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota.